On December 5, 2013 The Asia Foundation released the ninth in a series of public opinion surveys of the Afghan people. These are the broadest and most comprehensive surveys conducted in Afghanistan, and together they provide a barometer of Afghan public opinion over time.
Use this map to learn more about the 2013 survey, or past surveys; explore by region, year, or specific survey questions, or, download the summary data tables for a more complete picture. Survey data from 2006 to 2013 is available here for review and download.
Click anywhere on the screen to gain new insights into Afghanistan and the Afghan People.
The survey explored the issue of gender equality in education by asking respondents whether they agree or disagree with the following statement: “Women should have the same opportunities as men in education.” The vast majority of respondents (83%) agreed with the statement (either strongly or somewhat), while only 16% disagreed. There has been a steady decrease in the level of strong support for gender equality in education between 2006 (58%) and 2013 (43%). However, the overall level of support (i.e., including those who either strongly or somewhat agree with equal opportunities for women in education) has stayed high and constant.
Urban residents (91%) are significantly more likely to support equal educational opportunities for women compared to rural residents (81%). Across the country, respondents from the West (21%) and South West (15%) regions were most likely to disagree with gender equality in education, while those in the Central/Hazarajat region (3%) were least likely to disagree. While Hazaras (88%) appear to be slightly more likely to be supportive of equal educational opportunities for women, overall there were no notable differences across ethnic groups.
Q: What is the biggest problem facing Afghan women today?*
Afghanistan in 2013: A Survey of the Afghan People is The Asia Foundation’s ninth annual public opinion survey in Afghanistan. Not only does this survey document Afghans’ assessment of the current situation in their country in critical areas of governance and development, it has also established a statistically valid, longitudinal barometer of how Afghans perceive changes in their country over time.
Expert survey teams were deployed from July 17 and July 25, 2013 to gather the opinions and perspectives of a nationally representative sample of 9,260 Afghan men and women. 962 male and female enumerators conducted face-to-face interviews across all 34 provinces of the country, often under challenging conditions. Respondents were all 18 years of age or older, including 14% from urban households and 86% from rural households. The average interview length was 38 minutes, with a range of 20 to 80 minutes. To meet more aggressive margins of error, this year’s sample size represents nearly a 47% increase from previous years.
Important advances were made in ensuring both the quality and accuracy of the data in 2013. The sampling error is a quality indicator that measures overall statistical confidence in the statements that can be made about the survey findings. For 2013 the sampling error for five key questions is +/- 1.10% at 95% confidence level. The design effect also is a quality indicator measuring the difference between the actual sampling error and the intended or theoretical sampling error if random sampling had been achieved. In 2013 the design effect for five key questions is less than 2.33 (+/- 0.04).
The Asia Foundation is a nonprofit international development organization committed to improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia. Informed by six decades of experience and deep local expertise, our programs address critical issues affecting Asia in the 21st century — governance and law, economic development, women's empowerment, environment, and regional cooperation. In addition, our Books for Asia and professional exchange programs are among the ways we encourage Asia's continued development as a peaceful, just, and thriving region of the world.
Headquartered in San Francisco, The Asia Foundation works through a network of offices in 18 Asian countries and in Washington, DC. Working with public and private partners, the Foundation receives funding from a diverse group of bilateral and multilateral development agencies, foundations, corporations, and individuals. In 2012, we provided nearly $100 million in direct program support and distributed textbooks and other educational materials valued at over $30 million.
The Survey of the Afghan People is a major undertaking of the Foundation each year, requiring contributions and cooperation of numerous Asia Foundation staff and the Foundation’s partners. The survey report was produced under the overall guidance of Afghanistan Country Representative Mark Kryzer. Very special thanks are due to Survey and Research Director Keith Shawe. Survey Manager Shahim Kabuli and Deputy Survey Manager Shamim Sarabi played critical roles in the preparation and production of the survey. Zach Warren was instrumental in ensuring the quality of the survey. We also acknowledge the contributions of Deputy Country Representative Najla Ayubi, Women’s Empowerment Program Director Palwasha Kakar, Senior Program Advisor Allen Choate, and Office of Country Representative Assistant Khatera Azizpour. Nancy Hopkins was indispensable as editor for the survey, and Asia Foundation staff in San Francisco and Washington, DC, provided key editorial input and technical support. ACSOR worked closely and productively with the Foundation in planning and conducting the survey fieldwork.
“Visualizing Afghanistan”, The Asia Foundation’s survey data mapping project, was led by John Karr, Director for Digital Media & Technology Programs at The Asia Foundation. Jon Jamieson, Senior Producer for Digital Media & Technology Programs, served as project manager, with support from Tomas Apodaca. Rob DiCiuccio and Definition LLC contributed to development of the site for 2013.
The Asia Foundation would like to thank the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), the United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office/Department for International Development (FCO/DFID), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for their support to this survey and also for facilitating Afghan capacity building in statistical research.