The Asia Foundation

Visualizing Afghanistan: A Survey of the Afghan People

Should women be allowed to work outside the home?

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Should women be allowed to work outside the home?

Around two-thirds (68%) of Afghans say that women should be able to work outside the home. This year, respondents were asked to evaluate the acceptability of different types of employment venues for women. Of these, schools are seen as most acceptable, with 84% in agreement. Among Afghans who said that women should not be allowed to work outside the home, 65% nonetheless still agreed that schools are acceptable. This may be because in the case of community-based schools, schools are usually located inside the home. A close second are hospitals or clinics, with 81% of Afghans in agreement that these are acceptable places for women to work, followed by government offices (70%). For employment in the police or army, 42% agree that women’s participation is acceptable. Among those who agree that women should be allowed to work outside the home, 49% disagree (somewhat or strongly) with women’s employment in the police or army. Even less acceptable, according to Afghans surveyed, is for women to work for a non-governmental organization (NGO). A total of 41% of Afghans agree that working for an NGO is acceptable, while 58% disagree.

Additional Insights from the 2014 Nationwide Data

Q: Are political leadership positions mostly for men, for women, or should there be equal representation by men and women?

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